BJJ Positions: Mastering the Fundamentals for Success

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By Sumit Pradhan

In the world of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), mastering the various positions, such as the full guard and open guard, is crucial for any white belt looking to excel in this dynamic martial art.

Whether you’re a bald grappler or not, understanding and practicing these positions will greatly enhance your skills in BJJ.

BJJ Positions: Mastering the Fundamentals for Success

Whether you’re aiming to dominate your opponent or defend yourself in jiu jitsu or mixed martial arts, having a solid understanding of BJJ positions like full guard is essential for any bald grappler.

These positions in jiu jitsu serve as the foundation for sports bjj and mixed martial arts. They allow practitioners to control their opponents from the full guard and execute submissions with precision.

From the basic positions of jiu jitsu, such as guard and mount, to side control and back control, each position in this sports bjj and martial arts discipline offers unique advantages and challenges.

By familiarizing yourself with these different types of jiu jitsu positions, such as the full guard, you can develop a comprehensive game plan and adapt your approach based on the situation at hand.

This is especially important for bald grapplers who are passionate about martial arts. So, if you’re ready to dive into the fascinating world of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and explore the intricacies of martial arts positions like the open guard, join us on this journey.

Take your grappling skills to new heights and learn from the expertise of the bald grappler. It’s time to enhance your fight game.

Essential BJJ Positions


The guard position in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a fundamental position that involves being on your back with your legs wrapped around your opponent.

The basic positions of BJJ include the guard, where you are on your back, and the bald grappler, who is without hair. In BJJ, the knee is a crucial joint that plays a significant role in executing techniques.

Another important move in BJJ is the bridge, which allows you to create space and escape from underneath your opponent.

The back mount position in jiu jitsu is a crucial technique for both offensive and defensive strategies in sports bjj.

It enables you to control and attack your opponent, while also minimizing their ability to strike or pass your guard.

The bald grappler can effectively utilize the back mount to gain an advantageous position. In jiu jitsu, there are various guard positions, such as the closed guard and the open guard, which are essential for sports bjj.

The closed guard involves locking your legs around your opponent’s waist, while the open guard allows for different leg configurations to control your opponent’s movements.

These guard positions are crucial for any grappler, especially when trying to establish a back mount. From the sports BJJ guard position, a grappler can utilize a range of techniques and submissions such as sweeps, armbars, triangles, chokes, and knee attacks.


In jiu jitsu, achieving the mount position means having full control over your opponent, a grappler, by straddling them with both knees on the ground.

This is an important position in open guard and guard positions. The mount position in sports BJJ puts a grappler in an advantageous position, offering superior control over their opponent’s movements and increased opportunities for submissions in jiu jitsu matches.

Maintaining control in jiu jitsu from the mount can be achieved by distributing your weight effectively and utilizing proper positioning in open guard to prevent escapes.

Whether you’re on top or the bottom, controlling the opponent’s movements is crucial. In certain situations, such as when the opponent turns to their side or turtles up, adapting your strategy is necessary to maintain dominance.

From this dominant jiu jitsu position in open guard, you can apply various submissions such as armlocks and collar chokes. You can also transition to other top positions like back control or side control.

This is especially effective when you are on the bottom.

Basic Techniques Mastery


Submissions are a crucial aspect of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), especially when it comes to the side control position. Whether you’re the top player or the bottom player, knowing how to execute effective submissions is essential.

They involve jiu jitsu techniques that allow you to force your opponent into a top or bottom position where they must either tap out or risk injury.

Proper setup and execution are vital for success in submissions, especially in jiu jitsu. Whether you are on top in the side control position or on the bottom, being aware of the neutral position is crucial.

For example, in jiu jitsu, during the armbar submission, you need to control your opponent’s posture from the bottom or top position, isolate their arm, and apply pressure on their elbow joint to secure the submission in a neutral position.

Other common submissions in jiu jitsu include chokes, joint locks, and leg locks from the side control position, both on top and bottom. These techniques can be effective for gaining an advantage in a neutral position.


Sweeps are jiu jitsu techniques used from the bottom position to reverse an opponent’s top dominant position and gain control over them.

Top and bottom positions play a significant role in jiu jitsu strategy as they can quickly turn the tables during a match.

Different types of sweeps exist in jiu jitsu based on positions, including bottom sweeps like the butterfly sweep and top sweeps like the scissor sweep.

To execute a successful jiu jitsu sweep from the bottom position, you need to disrupt your opponent’s balance and timing while maintaining control over their limbs or body from the top.


Escapes are essential skills in jiu jitsu that help you get out of unfavorable positions, whether you’re on the bottom or top.

When caught on the bottom in jiu jitsu, whether it’s in mount, side control, or back control, knowing how to escape can prevent your opponent from advancing their position or submitting you.

Escaping from these positions is crucial to maintaining control and gaining the advantage on top. Timing and leverage are crucial for effective escapes.

The Hierarchy of Positions


Establishing dominance over an opponent is crucial in jiu jitsu matches, whether you are on the bottom or top. By achieving top positions in jiu jitsu, you gain control and increase your chances of success over your opponent who is on the bottom.

Being in the top position in jiu jitsu is crucial for achieving success in submissions or scoring points, while being in the bottom position can be disadvantageous.

Maintaining dominance throughout a jiu jitsu match requires proper technique and strategy, whether you are on the bottom or top position.

To establish dominance in jiu jitsu, focus on top and bottom techniques that allow you to control your opponent effectively. This includes controlling their limbs, body position, and posture.

By doing so in jiu jitsu, whether on the bottom or the top, you limit your opponent’s options for escape or counterattacks.

Maintaining dominant positions in jiu jitsu involves staying one step ahead of your opponent, whether you are on top or bottom, by anticipating their movements and adjusting accordingly.


Control plays a vital role in BJJ positions. It allows you to dictate the pace of the match from the top or bottom and set up opportunities for submissions.

To establish control, focus on securing grips at the top and maintaining pressure on your opponent at the bottom. This could involve using leverage, weight distribution, wedging yourself into advantageous positions, or positioning yourself at the top or bottom.

Once you have control over your opponent, it becomes easier to transition from the bottom to the top while preventing their escapes.

Effective control at the top ensures that your opponent is constantly under pressure and unable to execute their techniques from the bottom.


Transitions from the bottom to the top in different BJJ positions are essential for success in grappling exchanges.

Core BJJ Movements


Bridging is a fundamental movement in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) that serves multiple purposes for both the top and bottom positions.

It involves lifting your hips off the ground at the bottom while keeping your shoulders and feet planted at the top. By bridging from the bottom, you can create space between yourself and your opponent or disrupt their balance.

In BJJ, bridging from the bottom is often used as an escape technique when an opponent has mounted or achieved a dominant position.

By forcefully bridging from the bottom, you can create enough space to slide out from under them and regain a more advantageous position.

Bridging can also be utilized as a way to off-balance your opponent during various situations, especially when they are trying to maintain their bottom position.

For example, if someone is attempting to pass your guard from the bottom, you can bridge into them to disrupt their base and make it harder for them to maintain control.


Shrimping is another crucial movement in BJJ that focuses on hip mobility and positioning. It involves moving your body diagonally while lying on your back, using a combination of hip escapes and leg movements.

Shrimping is primarily used as an escape technique when an opponent has established control from the top position.

Grappling Fundamentals


Understanding leverage is essential in BJJ positions. Leverage refers to using angles and positioning to overcome strength disadvantages.

By utilizing leverage, a smaller grappler can effectively control and submit a larger opponent. For example, the armbar technique relies heavily on leverage by hyperextending the opponent’s elbow joint.


Maintaining balance is crucial in BJJ positions as it enhances stability and control during grappling exchanges.

Proper balance allows a grappler to stay grounded while executing techniques and prevents them from being easily swept or taken down by their opponent.

Disrupting an opponent’s balance while maintaining your own can give you a significant advantage in controlling the fight.


Utilizing momentum can be a game-changer in BJJ positions. By understanding how to generate and redirect momentum, you can execute techniques with greater efficiency and effectiveness.

For instance, when performing a hip throw, you use your opponent’s forward momentum against them to throw them off balance.

Recognizing and capitalizing on an opponent’s momentum is also crucial. If your opponent is moving quickly towards you, you can use their momentum against them by redirecting it into a submission or sweep.

Key Elements of Positions


Proper alignment is crucial in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) positions. It refers to the positioning of your body about your opponent and the ground. When you have good alignment, your techniques become more efficient and effective.

It allows you to generate power and leverage while minimizing the risk of injury. However, there are common alignment mistakes that you should avoid during training and matches.

These include having a hunched posture, misplacing your limbs, or failing to maintain a strong base.


Maintaining good posture is essential for optimal performance in BJJ positions. Your posture affects your balance, control, and ability to defend against submissions.

By keeping a straight back, an engaged core, and a neutral head position, you create a solid foundation for executing attacks and defending against your opponent’s moves.

Improving and maintaining proper posture can be achieved through regular practice of specific exercises that target your core strength and flexibility.


Applying pressure is a key aspect of controlling and dominating opponents in BJJ positions. Proper pressure allows you to immobilize your opponent, limit their movement options, and set up submissions or transitions.

Generating effective pressure requires using your body weight strategically while maintaining balance and stability.

Position Changes

Fluid position changes are essential in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) as they allow practitioners to adapt and respond effectively during a match.

By smoothly transitioning between different positions, BJJ fighters can maintain control, create openings for submissions, or escape unfavorable situations.

It is important to anticipate and react quickly to an opponent’s movements to capitalize on their position changes.

To achieve smooth transitions, BJJ practitioners must develop a strong understanding of the fundamental positions and their connections.

For example, moving from side control to mount requires shifting weight and adjusting grips while maintaining pressure on the opponent. Practicing these transitions repeatedly helps build muscle memory and improves timing.

Strategies for capitalizing on an opponent’s position changes involve being proactive rather than reactive. When an opponent attempts to change positions, it creates opportunities for counter-attacks or submissions.

By recognizing these moments, BJJ fighters can exploit vulnerabilities and maintain dominance throughout the match.

Flow Drills

Flow drills play a crucial role in BJJ training as they focus on fluidity, timing, and technique execution.

These drills involve practicing specific sequences of movements without resistance from a partner.

The purpose is to improve transitions between positions while developing a sense of flow in one’s movements.

Submissions and Techniques


Chokes are a fundamental part of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) and can be highly effective in submitting an opponent.

There are various choking techniques that practitioners utilize to gain the upper hand in a match.

Rear naked chokes, guillotine chokes, and collar chokes are just a few examples of the different types of chokes used in BJJ.

Executing a proper choke requires precise technique and positioning. Each choke has its unique application, depending on the position you find yourself in during a match.

For example, the rear naked choke is often executed from the back position, while the guillotine choke can be performed from standing or when an opponent shoots for a takedown.

It’s crucial to understand how to properly apply chokes from different positions, as this will increase your chances of success on the mat.

Whether you’re attacking from mount, side control, or even when defending against an opponent’s attack, knowing how to effectively execute chokes is essential.


Joint locks are another set of techniques commonly used in BJJ. These involve manipulating an opponent’s limb to put pressure on their joints, forcing them to submit.

Understanding BJJ Fundamentals


To excel in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), it is crucial to develop effective strategies for matches. This involves analyzing your opponent’s style and strengths, allowing you to adapt your strategy accordingly.

By understanding their tendencies, you can anticipate their moves and counteract them effectively. Incorporating strategy into your training routines and competition preparation will give you a competitive edge.

Drilling Basics

Drilling fundamental techniques is an essential aspect of BJJ training. It involves repetitively practicing specific moves until they become second nature.

This repetitive drilling improves muscle memory and technique proficiency, enabling you to execute the techniques effortlessly during live rolls or competitions.

Structuring drilling sessions with a focus on different positions and scenarios allows for maximum benefit.

By incorporating strategic thinking into your BJJ game, you can outsmart opponents and capitalize on their weaknesses.

Understanding their style and strengths helps you devise effective strategies that play to your advantage. Whether it’s adapting your game plan mid-match or preparing for a specific opponent, strategy is key.

Drilling fundamentals are vital for skill development in BJJ. Through repetitive practice, these techniques become ingrained in your muscle memory, allowing you to execute them instinctively when under pressure.

Crucial BJJ Submissions and Techniques


The armbar is a highly effective submission technique in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ). It involves controlling your opponent’s arm and applying pressure to their elbow joint, forcing them to tap out. The armbar can be executed from various positions, such as the guard or mount.

Triangle Choke

The triangle choke is another essential submission in BJJ. It involves trapping your opponent’s head and arm between your legs, creating a triangular shape. By applying pressure on their neck with your legs, you can cut off their blood flow and force them to submit.

Rear Naked Choke

The rear naked choke is a powerful submission that targets the opponent’s neck. It is commonly used when taking the back of an opponent. By wrapping your arms around their neck and squeezing, you can restrict their breathing and eventually make them tap out.

Kimura Lock

The Kimura lock is a joint manipulation technique that puts pressure on the shoulder joint. By isolating one of your opponent’s arms and applying leverage, you can control their movement and force them into submission.

Guillotine Choke

The guillotine choke is a versatile submission that can be executed from various positions.


In conclusion, mastering the fundamentals of BJJ positions is crucial for success in this martial art. By understanding and practicing these positions, practitioners can develop a strong foundation and improve their overall technique.

Whether it’s the guard, mount, side control, or any other position, each one offers unique opportunities and challenges.

By consistently working on these fundamental positions, practitioners can enhance their ability to control and dominate their opponents, leading to greater success in BJJ competitions and self-defense situations.

So, make sure to dedicate time to mastering these positions and watch your BJJ skills soar to new heights.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the essential BJJ positions?

The essential BJJ positions include mount, side control, guard, and back control. These positions form the foundation of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and provide strategic advantages for controlling and submitting your opponent.

How can I master basic BJJ techniques?

To master basic BJJ techniques, focus on drilling fundamental movements such as shrimping, bridging, and hip escapes. Practice these techniques regularly to develop muscle memory and improve your overall proficiency in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

What is the hierarchy of positions in BJJ?

The hierarchy of positions in BJJ refers to the order of dominance and control. Generally, the mount position holds the highest level of control, followed by back control, side control, and then the guard position. Understanding this hierarchy helps you prioritize your transitions during grappling exchanges.

What are some key elements of BJJ positions?

Key elements of BJJ positions include maintaining proper posture, base, pressure, angles, grips/control, and awareness. These elements contribute to effective positioning that allows you to execute techniques efficiently while minimizing your opponent’s counterattacks.

How do I navigate transitions between positions?

Navigating transitions between positions requires anticipating your opponent’s movements while maintaining a strong connection with them.

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